вівторок, 12 грудня 2017 р.

пʼятниця, 8 грудня 2017 р.

Reading, 9 form

ROUND II.  Читання, 9 клас
Text 1
PENICILLIN - THE MIRACLE DRUG
In 1928, Alexander Fleming, a Scottish doctor and scientist, was working at a hospital in London. He was trying to find ways to fight bacteria. At that time many people died because of bacterial infections; sometimes from very small cuts.
Fleming was studying dangerous bacteria called staphylococci. He was in a hurry because he was going to go on holiday, so he forgot to wash all his equipment in the laboratory before he left. There was one dish in which staphy­lococci was-growing.
When Fleming came back from holiday a few weeks later, he noticed that there was something in the dish. He didn't know what the thing was, but he saw that it was stopping the harmful staphylococci bacteria from growing. Fleming called it penicillin.
He knew that penicillin could be an important discovery, and so he did some experiments with it. However, Fleming was not a chemist and he found it difficult to make pure penicillin. He asked some scientific colleagues to help him, but nobody seemed interested in producing penicillin. Fleming had to wait more than ten years before two brilliant scientists, Howard Florey and Ernst Chain finally found an easy way to produce the drug.
By May 1940, Florey's research team had enough penicillin to experiment with animals for the first time. In a simple experiment they gave a dangerous bacterium to eight mice. One hour later, they gave penicillin to only four of the mice. After a few hours the four mice with penicillin were fine, but the other four were all dead! When Florey heard of the result the next day he said, "It looks like a miracle!"
During World War II penicillin saved many lives, and in 1945 Fleming, Florey and Chain won the Nobel Prize for medicine.
Multiple Choice Questions.
1.    In 1928, Alexander Fleming....
a.    was infected through the cuts
b.    dissected a lot of dead bodies
c.    was studying bacteria
d.    got infected a lot of people
2.    Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin....
a.    while he was on holiday
b.    in a hurry
c.    because he forgot to wash up
d.    when he was a student
3.    Fleming couldn't produce penicillin easily because....
a.    he was forgetful
b.    of the lack of the right equipment
c.    he didn't know how to do it
d.    he couldn't afford waiting for more than 10 years
4.    The first experiment with penicillin on animals (was)....
a. dangerous
b.    caused some side-effects
c. banned
d.    extremely successful
5.    How many mice pulled through?
a. 4
b.8
c. 12
d.   none

Text 2
      THE WAR OF THE  WORLDS
(by Christopher McMillan)
The year was 1938, and the entire country was nervous. It was the year before World War II began. The United States was still recovering from the Great Depression - a time when many people suddenly found themselves without money. In 1938 no one was sure what would happen next.
On Halloween that year, thousands of people across the country were listening to a popular radio show called the Mercury Theatre. They heard dance music for a while, and then an announcer broke in. Then the music resumed. Soon there was another news bulletin. A famous astronomer reported that a seismograph had registered a shock, almost as great as an earthquake, near Princeton, New Jersey. The music came back on but was interrupted again.
"It is reported that at 8:50 P.M. a huge, flaming object, believed to be a meteorite, fell on a farm in the neighborhood of Gravers Mill, New Jersey."
The radio listeners settled backs again to enjoy the music, but soon there was another bulletin. This time it came from a mobile radio unit in Gravers Mill.
Sirens could be heard in the back - "Ladies and gentlemen, we interrupt our program to bring you a special bulletin."
The bulletin told about explosions that had been observed on Mars ground. A reporter described the scene.
"Ladies and gentlemen, this is the most terrifying thing I have ever witnessed. Wait a minute! Someone's crawling out of the hollow top. Someone or... something...."
Eyewitness reports kept pouring out of the radio. The creatures were marching across New Jersey, sending out poisonous gas in front of them. They were heading for New York City. Nothing could slow them down.
By this time, thousands of listeners were calling police stations, hospitals, newspapers, and government leaders. Some were asking for protection against the invaders. Some were volunteering to fight them. In New Jersey, families fled with handkerchiefs over their faces. Highways all around New York were jammed. In the Midwest people hid in cellars or ran to warn their neighbors.
But it was all a joke. All the special bulletins and the eyewitness reports had been part of a play titled Invasion from Mars. The reporters and the 'eyewitnesses' were really actors. The sound effects were created by sound experts in another studio. The actors and sound experts had done a good job. A poll taken after the broadcast showed that more than half of the 1,700,000 listeners that night had believed that an invasion from Mars was really happening. They didn't realize that it was just a radio play until the end, when the director of the Mercury Theatre came on the air to say:
"This is Orson Welles, ladies and gentlemen, out of character to assure you that The War of the Worlds has no further significance than as the holiday offering it was intended to be ... it's Halloween."
Multiple Choice Questions.
6.  The word 'bulletin' means a (an)....


a.    ultimatum
b.    warning
c.    public statement giving news
d.    advertisement


7. Who conducted a survey?
a.    The eyewitnesses.
b.    The actors
c.    The sound experts
d.    It's not mentioned
8.    The object that fell on a farm wasn't (a)....
a.    space - type vehicle
b.    ardent
c.    meteorite
d.    enormous
9.    Some Americans....
a. sent signals into outer space
b.    paid homage to invaders
c. invited Martians to celebrate Halloween
d.    took shelter
10.  What could be heard in the background?
a. Dance music.
b.    Explosions.
c. Sirens.
d.    Weeping.
Text 3
HOMEWORK IN PRISON FOR KIDS WITH CONVICT FATHERS
(by Bo Wilson from London Life 5/11/07)
Read the text and decide whether the sentences are TRUE or FALSE.
Children as young as seven are being allowed into a London prison so their convict fathers can help with their homework. More than 50 children enter the gates of Wandsworth prison to take part in the homework club.
It was launched to allow youngsters vital contact with their fathers, while giving the prisoners an extra incentive to reha­bilitate. The Thursday club, the only one of its kind in the country, is the initiative of Wandsworth governor Ian Mulholland.
The children, all of primary school age, go through intensive security checks at the category B jail to make sure they are not being used to smuggle anything in.
An officer at the prison, which holds 1,416 convicts, joked: "We hope none of the dads are teaching their kids things like how to rob banks."
Mr. Mulholland said: "The club plays an important part in maintaining positive family relationships, which contribute to the offender's resettlement into the community and the development of a purposeful and law-abiding life."
11.  Children who're under 7 are being allowed behind bars to get dad's help.
12.  The program is aimed to help offenders lead a normal life.
13.  The kids often try to smuggle something in.
14.  All the prisoners are ex-robbers.

15.  The club helps families not to split up.

неділя, 3 грудня 2017 р.

Корисні фрази

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS TO EXPRESS YOUR OPINION

In my opinion, ...                                    In my eyes, ...
To my mind, ...                                      As far as I am concerned, ...                   Speaking personally, ...
From my point of view, ...                        As for me / As to me, ...
My view / opinion / belief / impression / conviction is that ...                                   I hold the view that ...
I would say that ...                                 It seems to me that ...                            I am of the opinion that ...
My impression is that ...                         I am under the impression that ...            It is my impression that ...
I have the feeling that ...                          My own feeling on the subject is that ...
I have no doubt that ...                            I am sure / I am certain that ...                
I think / consider / find / feel / believe / suppose / presume / assume that ...
I hold the opinion that ...                         (I form / adopt an opinion.)                      I dare say that ...
I guess that ...                                       I bet that ....                                          I gather that ...
It goes without saying that ...                  

Linking words and phrases

Although some of these words have already been mentioned as sentence connectors, they can also be used to develop coherence within a paragraph, that is linking one idea / argument to another. Print off this page to keep as a reference of useful linking words and phrases.
SequenceResultEmphasis
  • First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
  • Next, last, finally
  • In addition, moreover
  • Further / furthermore
  • Another
  • Also
  • In conclusion
  • To summarise
  • So
  • As a result
  • As a consequence (of)
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently
  • Hence
  • Due to
  • Undoubtedly
  • Indeed
  • Obviously
  • Generally
  • Admittedly
  • In fact
  • Particularly / in particular
  • Especially
  • Clearly
  • Importantly
AdditionReasonExample
  • And
  • In addition / additionally / an additional
  • Furthermore
  • Also
  • Too
  • As well as
  • For
  • Because
  • Since
  • As
  • Because of
  • For example
  • For instance
  • That is (ie)
  • Such as
  • Including
  • Namely
ContrastComparison 
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • Nonetheless
  • Still
  • Although / even though
  • Though
  • But
  • Yet
  • Despite / in spite of
  • In contrast (to) / in comparison
  • While
  • Whereas
  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • Similarly
  • Likewise
  • Also
  • Like
  • Just as
  • Just like
  • Similar to
  • Same as
  • Compare
  • compare(d) to / with
  • Not only...but also

Олімпіада, 9 клас

Приклади питань для говоріння

Around the world computers and the Internet have become an indispensible part of modern life. Have computers and the Internet truly improved the quality of people’s life? What are the disadvantages of using them too often?

1.      Ukraine is a very beautiful country, isn’t it?
·         What do you like about your country?
·         What are some of your favorite national traditions and customs?
·         Do you believe that our country will become a wealthy and prosperous country as any other European country?
2.      What's your favorite subject in school?
·         What are your favorite activities at this subject's lessons?
·          Would you like to teach this subject?
·          What is your teacher like?
3.      Today many countries in the world place a lot of importance on learning English in schools.
·         What do you think are the reasons for this attention?
·         Does English help you in your life?
·         How will you use English after finishing school?
4.      A healthy way of life: what does it mean?
·         Do people worry much about their health these days?
·         What do you think are the main health risks people efface today?
·         What advice can you give teenagers about healthy living?
5.      Imagine that you have become a finalist of Future Leaders Exchange Program (FLEX) and are going to spend a year in the USA
·         What would you tell your host family about yourself?
·         How would you describe your family to them?
·         What are your favourite activities in your free time?
6.      What are the most important qualities a friend can have?
·         Why are these qualities so important?
·         Do your closest friends have these qualities? Do you?
·         What does friendship mean in your life?
7.      Pollution has become the greatest problem in the world.
·         Describe any problems with pollution
·         Talk about the effects of pollution on the people, the crops and the animals
·          Tell what you think should and could be done to make the situation better.
8.      You are planning a trip to another country.
·         Why have you chosen this country?
·         How will you get there? Where will you be living abroad?
·         The sights you are going to see there.
9.      A person you know is planning to visit your town or city
·         During what season would you recommend him or her to visit and why?
·         What areas of interest would you show her or him first?
·         What do you think this person would like to do in your town or city? Why?
10.  Music influences people in different ways.
·         Why does music play an important part in people’s lives?
·         What type of music influences you the most? How?
·         Which musician has had the greatest impact on you? Why?
11.  Say which way you would prefer to travel and explain why. Include the following information:
·         What are the advantages and disadvantages of different means of transport?
·         What is your favourite way of travelling?
·         Have you ever travelled by plane/by train/by ship? When? Where? Why?
12.  Your English friends are going to visit our capital city and ask you to tell them about it. Include the following information:
·         history,
·         interesting places,
·         places to eat and means of transport to travel by.
13.  Many inventions have completely changed the world. Do you think so?
·         What invention in your opinion has been the most important for the human race?
·         Which 21st century invention has changed our life completely?
·         Do you imagine your life without a сomputer?
14.  There are many traditional holidays in our country.
·         What is the most important holiday for the Ukrainians? Why?
·         Do you have any family traditions?
·         Do you celebrate any holidays at school?
15.  Sports no doubts play an important role in people’s lives. Speak about sports in your life.
·         Importance of doing sports for people.
·         What do sports teach you?
·         Your favourite sport.
16.  You are in the 9th form. It’s time to think about your future profession. Do you know what you want?
·         Tell about a variety of professions.
·         Why is it difficult for a young person to make a right choice of a future profession? What should teenagers pay attention to while choosing a future career?
·         What is the most important in your future profession? Give your reasons.
17.  Speak about the film you have seen recently. Give your comments on:
·         The story
·         The title / main actors / the director
·         The music, costumes or special effects.
18.  What activities do you find enjoyable when you are alone?
·         Why is this activity so enjoyable to you?
·         Do you feel it is important to have time to spend by yourself? Why?
·         What activity would you recommend your friend to take up in his free time?
19.  Some people say that reading books has become a thing of the past because one can find anything he needs in the Internet.
·         Do you agree or disagree with the above statement?
·         Why do people read books?
·         In your opinion, what is the most interesting genre of books?
20.  What is your idea of a perfect vacation?
·         When and where would you go?
·         For how long would you be away?

·         What would you like to do and to see during your vacation?